Archive for February 9, 2012

Stanley, Falkland Islands

On Monday, February 6 we reached the Falkland Islands.  This is a very windy area with lots of choppy water & we understand that less than half the cruise ships that come here are able to land.  Two or three years ago the Prinsendam was able to tender its passengers ashore, but then the weather turned nasty & they couldn’t bring them back to the ship, so everyone had to stay overnight in Stanley.  The townspeople (its a small town, around 4,000) turned out & took the passengers into their homes & put them up in churches & schools, then the next day the weather moderated enough to get them back to the ship.  Fortunately for us the weather was nice and, although quite windy, we were able to tender into town & back (although tender service was suspended several times because of weather).  The waves were pretty high for the small tender boats & water did get into the tenders & make a lot of people wet (including yours truly).  But we were quite glad (& surprised, given our experience the last week or so) that we did actually get to shore here.

As I said, Stanley is a small town with a substantial whaling history.  And, of course, there is the 1982 Falklands War between Britain & Argentina which has left its mark here in the form of war memorials, not to mention Thatcher Drive.

54 Stanley from outer harbor

52 Tender heading to dock in inner harbor 32 Thatcher Drive

Stanley is a very colorful town.  Houses are made mostly of wood & corrugated metal (which we were told is either salvaged from wrecked ships or shipped from England) & are painted bright colors.  Its a very British town, with British style telephone booths (where else do you see telephone booths in the age of cell phones?), pubs specializing in fish & chips (& a saxophone shaped beer tap), & all the souvenirs are actually made in Great Britain.

20 Cathedral tower with green & red roofs 48 Shore road in Stanley

01 Globe Tavern & telephone booth 21 Mary & saxophone beer tap in Globe Tavern

The most famous landmark is the Whalebone Arch, which is next to Christ Church Cathedral.  The Whalebone Arch was erected in 1933 & is made from the jawbones of two blue whales.  The Cathedral was built in 1892 & is the southernmost Anglican cathedral in the world.

03 Whalebone arch & Christ Church Cathedral 04 Rick at Whalebone Arch

02 Whalebone arch 06 Christ Church Cathedral & Whalebone Arch

Inside the cathedral was a pipe organ, which looks vintage, & some very nice stained glass windows, protected on the outside from flying debris during storms by a system of screens loosely enough constructed to let in light through the windows.  Note that their picture of St Nicholas looks nothing like Santa Claus (another illusion shattered).

09 Stained Glass in Cathedral 09 Stained Glass in Cathedral

14 Mary in door of  cathedral 13 Stained glass in cathedral

They also have a collection of kneeling stools needlepointed by the ladies of the church, beginning in 1992 when they had the centennial of the building.

10 Needlepoint kneeling stools in Cathedral 11 Needlepoint kneeling stools in Cathedral

Other landmarks in town include Government House, where the British Governor lives, Jubilee Villas, a housing unit built in 1887 to commemorate Queen Victoria’s golden jubilee, the Penguin News (presumably the local newspaper), and a memorial to the Battle of the Falklands in 1914.

37 Government House (home of the Governor) 16 Jubilee Villas (1887)30 Mary by The Penguin News 56 Rick at 1914 war memorial

There are many old shipwrecks in the area of Stanley’s inner & outer harbor (lots of bad weather hereabouts).  I was able to get pictures of two:  the Jhelum & the Lady Elizabeth.

45 Wreck of the Jhelum 29 Wreck of the Lady Elizabeth

The only wildlife we saw were birds: some kind of duck & I think a goose of some kind.  Not much in the way of wildflowers but we did see some sea kelp (eaten, as you might imagine, by the Kelp Gull).

33 Duck 42 Ducks

25 Birds 51 Goose, perhaps

15 Blue flowers on  succulent bush 43 Sea Kelp

Finally, a couple of random things we liked. The SS Great Britain was, we were told, the first ship with a screw to push it through the water.  This remnant is erected in Victory Park, commemorating the 1982 war.  Then there were the streetlights, mounted on bases with boats through them.

27 Mizzen mast from SS Great Britain 50 Streetlight on sore road (Ross Road West) with boat decoration

So that’s Stanley, or at least what we saw of it.  We left at 4:30 and the seas were extremely rocky again that evening, but it calmed down after midnight to moderately bumpy.  We have two sea days, then Buenos Aires on Thursday & Friday.  So, toodle-loo for now (this is the signature sign-off of our cruise director, who makes announcements a couple of times a day).

Antarctica, Day 3 (King George’s Island)

We were woken early on Saturday, February 4 ,by an announcement that we had reached King George’s Island (at least that is what most people call it; the Argentines call it Isla 25 de Mayo, which I think commemorates some battle).  The weather was pretty bad again: foggy, cold & very windy.  But up I got to go outside & see the sights (Mary wasn’t feeling well, so I let her sleep a little later).

03 King George's Island (Isla 25 de Mayo in Argentina) 01 King George's Island (Isla 25 de Mayo in Argentina)

06 King George's Island (Isla 25 de Mayo in Argentina)

11 King George's Island (Isla 25 de Mayo in Argentina)

14 King George's Island (Isla 25 de Mayo in Argentina) 08 King George's Island (Isla 25 de Mayo in Argentina)

There was a Polish station on the island; I know it was Polish because the name of the station (Arctowski) is printed on the side of one of the buildings.

04 Polish station on King George's Island (Isla 25 de Mayo in Argentina) (2)

04 Polish station on King George's Island (Isla 25 de Mayo in Argentina) (2) 05 Isolated house near Polish Station on King George's Island (Isla 25 de Mayo in Argentina)

At the end of King George’s Island was Penguin Island.  It is a former volcano & you can see the crater in the middle where the top of the mountain blew off.

19 Penguin Island (volcano)

20 Penguin Island ice field 22 Penguin Island

Well, we were supposed to continue cruising Antarctica the rest of the day, including sailing by Elephant Island where Shackleton’s crew spent half a year on the beach waiting for his return.  But the Captain concluded that bad weather was headed our way so he decided to cut it off and head directly north toward the Falklands.  We were, obviously, quite disappointed by that.  But when the weather gets bad down here you can’t see much anyway.  We passed within 35 miles of Elephant Island on our way north so I thought it shouldn’t have been that much of a problem to go by & see it, but what do I know about sailing?  (answer: not much.)  So this is all we saw this day.  The irritating thing is that for the last 2 or 3 years at least the Antarctic portion of this cruise has been sunny & beautiful throughout.  The Antarctic experts on board (there were several, & they were quite knowledgeable & impressive) told us that we had been able to  experience the REAL Antarctica because this is what it is like most of the time, but I don’t think anybody was buying that line.  Oh well, what we did see of Antarctica was pretty fabulous. Maybe we will get back here again one day.

The sail north to the Falklands was very rocky.  Take everything I told you earlier about being on a ship in rough seas, then double it.  We had to hold on to something pretty much all the time to avoid falling down (fun to take an adventure shower, holding on with one hand at all times) & waves hitting the ship were splashing well over our room window, which is the equivalent of about a 5 story building above the water level.  Everything was tied down and no one was allowed to go out on deck.

On Sunday there was a Super Bowl party & it only cost $50 per person to attend (we passed).  But the good news is that the towel animals were back.  Several were repeats of things we have already seen but there have been a couple of new ones.  You may not agree with my interpretations in the captions, but they don’t tell us what kind of animal they are supposed to be.

23 Towel shrimp 25 Towel turkey

Antarctica, Day 2

The whole Antarctic region is protected by aninternational treaty providing that it is neutral territory, that it will not be militarized & that any country that wants to set up a study station anywhere in Antarctica is free to do so.  More than 15 countries have scientific stations in Antarctica (including such unlikely ones as Poland and South Korea) and the United states has several, including a base at the South Pole.  You may recall that in the early days of the 20th century many men (including Scott & Shackleton) died trying to make it to the South Pole but today members of Congress fly there to have their pictures taken in a few hours.

Anyway, one of the US science stations is called Palmer Station and it is on Anvers Island near the Antarctic Peninsula where, by no coincidence, we were on Friday, February 3.  We got up early that day because a group of the staff at Palmer Station was due to arrive at the Prinsendam by Zodiac boat at 6:00 AM, which they did.  They have an arrangement with Holland America, which brings them supplies (including fresh fruit) & transports staff (we brought a scientist named Donna who left us at Palmer Station to study penguins) in return for the Palmer Station crew coming aboard to give a presentation on their work (& get a hot shower & meal while they are on board).

03 Zodiac coming from Palmer Station  07 Palmer Station crew climbing aboard Prinsendam

  12 Palmer station on Anvers Island

We enjoyed their presentation and have learned quite a bit about the science that is being done in Antarctica and the experience of living there (take our word for it, you wouldn’t like it).  We cruised around the Anvers Island area until it was time for them to leave.  You will note the weather was much better; the sun was even out for much of the time.

20 Coastline

29 Iceberg 23 coastline

25 Mary by coastline

28 Rick & coastline

  41 end of coastline 34 coastal ice with blue cracks

You can see in the last picture that the coastal face of the glacier has large cracks in it; those pieces will eventually break off and become icebergs.  The bright blue in the cracks, we are told, is from the great pressure on the interior ice, which causes it to form crystals with that deep blue color.  Interestingly, as you will see in pictures below, the portion of an iceberg that is under water (80 to 90 percent of an iceberg is under water) also displays a bright blue color, though not as deep as this.

In early afternoon the Palmer Station crew left, returning to the station in a zodiac.

54 Palmer Island visitors jumpimg into Zodiac  59 Zodiac & Palmer Island Station

61 Zodiac & coastline

We spent the afternoon cruising northeast toward Deception Island.  It was a beautiful afternoon & we had front seats in the Crow’s Nest, which is basically a bar and dancing venue at the very top front of the ship, with panoramic windows all the way across from Port to Starboard.  There was a lot of dramatic scenery and interesting icebergs, but first let’s talk about the incredible wildlife viewing.

Several times we saw penguins “porpoising” along the side of the ship.  A group of penguins swims along together, leaping into & out of the water like porpoises do (hence the name).  I got a short movie of this, which is more evocative, but of course I can’t post it here.

30 Penguins porpoising 

We also saw a couple of seals resting on bergey bits (this is the technical term for floating pieces of ice that aren’t big enough to be icebergs).

36 Seal on ice flow 21 Seal on iceflow

We saw Orcas (killer whales, which aren’t really whales) & a bunch of Humpback whales.  They are very hard to photograph, because you never know where they are going to surface next & they re-submerge very fast.  Also, my camera battery died before most of the Humpback surfacing, which even included one whale that breached high into the air then splashed back down on top of the water (very dramatic!).  The first picture is a pair of Orcas; the second is the tail of a diving Humpback whale.  Both were lucky blind shots.

116 2 Orcas 124 Whale tail

There were some birds too.  Not too sure about the identifications, but I think the first is a Sooty Albatross, then a Skua sitting on an iceberg.

85 Sooty Albatross probably    107 iceberg with skua on top

But best of all, of course, were the penguins.  We saw quite a few penguins hanging out on icebergs and bergey bits, so I will put several of them here. If you look very closely in the third picture, there is a line of penguins trooping up the slanting surface to the right.  We were told that so many penguins were out of the water because Orcas were in the vicinity.

112 Gentoo Penguins on bergey bit

  127 Iceberg with chinstrap penguins 126 Iceberg with penguins (some climbing up on right)

And of course there was dramatic scenery, with mountains & icebergs, out in the sun for a change.  We were struck by how different things look as you move to a different location; a good example is the first two pictues, which are of the same mountain (left in 1st picture & right in 2d).

91 Entrance to Paradise Bay 94 Entrance to Paradise Bay with iceberg

 96 Iceberg & mountain

106 Iceberg with skua on top 95 Iceberg with striations

120 Two mountains 82 Icebergs

In the evening we reached Deception Island, which is what Ernest Shackleford & his men were trying to reach after spending most of a year marooned on pack ice.  But they couldn’t make it because of the wind & ended up instead on remote Elephant Island, where the crew spent another half year on the beach living under overturned lifeboats while Shackleford made his epic 800 mile trip in a lifeboat to South Georgia Island for help.  If you haven’t read a book about this amazing journey you really should.  If it had been written as a novel you would dismiss it as an impossible fantasy, but it really did happen.

Anyway, Deception Island is the remains of a volcano.  It is a circular piece of land with a large harbor in the middle and only a narrow opening that has too many submerged rocks for a ship our size to get inside.  The harbor is the caldera from the volcano.  It was quite beautiful, especially since the sun was setting when we were there.  The first island/rock we passed looked to me like a whale, & even had a hole on the lower left where they eye of a whale would be, though you probably can’t see it in the photo.  The second photo is the entry to the caldera/harbor; the snowy mountains in the center are the opposite wall of the island.

136 Whale-like island off Deception Island

133 Entrance to Deception Island bay

 141 Southeastern end of Deception Island 156  Depression in wall of Deception Island, showing other side

We saw a lot of Pintado Petrels at Deception Island; they flew all over the port side of the ship & landed together in the water in a big group.  There was another bird that may be some kind of Albatross, perhaps a Wandering Albatross since upon close inspection it has dark wings & a white head.

144 Pintendo Petrels flying 146 Pintendo Petrels sitting on ocean

151 Albatross or Petrel, with white head & dark body

Finally, a note.  I looked at the blog yesterday, and was disappointed to see that the photos are not lining up the way they do in my drafts, with the small pictures two abreast rather than each on a separate line.  Take my word for it, the layout looks better on the drafts than what you are seeing.  I also was disappointed to see that in the “In Patagonia” post several of the pictures were badly distorted.  I would fix that if I could, but won’t be able to figure out how until I get home (if then).  That entry took a particularly long time to post (almost an hour) so I am thinking maybe the distortion was caused by transmission glitches.  I hope that hasn’t happened on any of the other blog entries, but internet time is too expensive to review them all.  On the chance it was a transmission glitch, I will try to avoid that in future by posting entries only when we are in a port, where internet reception seems to be a little better.  I hope you are all enjoying this anyway, despite the technical difficulties. [Note: these issues were finally fixed, long after the voyage ended].