Latest

Fortaleza, Brazil (2019)

     We pulled into the dock at Fortaleza at 8:00 AM on March 3 for a short stay, leaving at 2:00 PM.  Fortaleza is a major city of 2.5 million (4 million in the metro area) that is known for its miles and miles of beaches.  But when we looked out all we could see were high rise buildings stretching as far as the eye could see.  78a. Fortaleza, Brazil (RX10)_stitch82a. Fortaleza, Brazil (RX10)_stitch 

     The city dates back to 1603, when the Portuguese built a fort and started a settlement.  The Dutch took over in 1637 and built a five pointed fortress called Fort Schoonenborch in 1649.  In 1654 it was handed over to the Portuguese who renamed it Fortaleza da Nossa Senhora de Assuncao, the first word of which gave the city its name. 

     We have wondered why this stop is included on this voyage, since there is little of interest to see, particularly in 6 hours.  We think it may be a resupply stop before entering the Amazon, but we really don’t know.  Last time we were here we took a shuttle into town and visited the few sites of interest there.

https://baderjournal.com/2012/02/29/fortaleza-brazil/

They say the beaches are the big attraction here for tourists, but we aren’t really beach people and in any event the water here is said to be pretty polluted.  So mostly to avoid spending the whole day on the ship we decided to take the ship’s shuttle bus into town.  It was going to an exotic sounding place called Centro de Turismo (Center for Tourism).  On the way we passed some of the skyscrapers and also the Metropolitan Cathedral (a large gothic building completed in 1978) and the Mercado Central (a round white marketplace with some 500 vendors on several open stories).  We visited these last two places on our previous visit in 2012.

1a. Fortaleza, Brazil_stitch3. Fortaleza, Brazil4. Fortaleza, Brazil5. Fortaleza, Brazil7. Fortaleza, Brazil9. Fortaleza, Brazil10a. Fortaleza, Brazil_stitch

     The Centro de Turismo is a handicraft market in a 19th century jail (déjà vu from Recife).  Vendors set up shop in the old jail cells.  Clothes and textiles seem to predominate, but there are also a lot of souvenirs, local foods (particularly nuts) and other crafts. 

12a. Fortaleza, Brazil_stitch17. Fortaleza, Brazil34. Fortaleza, Brazil

     Several large wooden sculptures were on display in the entrance corridor.  They might have looked nice in our house but weren’t for sale and wouldn’t have fit in our luggage anyway.

33. Fortaleza, Brazil22. Fortaleza, Brazil18. Fortaleza, Brazil23a. Fortaleza, Brazil_stitch

     We walked down the aisles window shopping at the vendors’ shops in the old jail cells.  Very colorful and quite a variety of stuff, but the hall was quite crowded even with only a few shoppers.

21. Fortaleza, Brazil19. Fortaleza, Brazil20. Fortaleza, Brazil25. Fortaleza, Brazil26. Fortaleza, Brazil

     If you have been to a beach community you have probably seen little bottles with designs or pictures inside made of colored sand.  This art form originated in this area and in one shop we encountered a fellow who was busy making them.  His were larger bottles than you usually see and had more elaborate pictures, including copies of some famous paintings.  It looks like difficult work that takes a lot of concentration, steady hands and good eyesight.

40. Fortaleza, Brazil35. Fortaleza, Brazil37a. Fortaleza, Brazil_stitch37a. Fortaleza, Brazil37b. Fortaleza, Brazil

     We were warned not to leave the building because the neighboring streets were very dangerous.  This struck us as odd because when we visited here in 2012 the shuttle dropped us off downtown by the Central Market and we walked all around by ourselves without incident or warning.  Maybe a lot has changed since then or maybe this is just a worse part of town.  Or maybe they just wanted to have a large group of captive shoppers.  Be that as it may, we didn’t walk around but we did go to the back door to see what the street looked like.  Across the street was a long yellow building with arched windows and lots of graffiti.  The entrance to the Centro de Turismo on this side, also yellow, was similarly defaced with graffiti.  So maybe its not a nice area after all.

28a. Fortaleza, Brazil_stitch32. Fortaleza, Brazil31. Fortaleza, Brazil30. Fortaleza, Brazil

     Having seen pretty much all of the Centro de Turismo and having been warned against wandering anywhere else, there was nothing left for us to do but board the shuttle bus for the trip back to the ship.  We passed the Central Market and the cathedral again, some of the high rise neighborhoods and some less dense areas.  The bus windows weren’t very clean and there wasn’t a lot of light so the pictures aren’t what one might have hoped.

44. Fortaleza, Brazil51. Fortaleza, Brazil49. Fortaleza, Brazil54. Fortaleza, Brazil61. Fortaleza, Brazil52. Fortaleza, Brazil56a. Fortaleza, Brazil_stitch65. Fortaleza, Brazil55. Fortaleza, Brazil58a. Fortaleza, Brazil_stitch

     Mucuripe is a neighborhood and beach near the current port.  It was, as we understand it, the site of the original settlement here and its cove was the original port.  We passed a sign on a stone wall for Mucuripe then on our way to the ship we passed the Mucuripe lighthouse and some beaches on the other (left) side of the port where people were swimming. 

62. Fortaleza, Brazil64. Fortaleza, Brazil82. Fortaleza, Brazil (RX10)_ShiftN68. Fortaleza, Brazil70. Fortaleza, Brazil71. Fortaleza, Brazil74. Fortaleza, Brazil

     It was early afternoon when we sailed away.  Plenty of people were out on the beaches enjoying themselves.  As we sailed away we got a final look at the long beachfront lined with skyscrapers.

90a. Fortaleza, Brazil (RX10)_stitch91. Fortaleza, Brazil (RX10)94a. Fortaleza, Brazil (RX10)_stitch97a. Fortaleza, Brazil (RX10)_stitch

     So much for Fortaleza.  We will leave you with an orchid from the Lido where we had lunch as we left Fortaleza and a towel animal that was on our bed that night.

75. Fortaleza, Brazil76. Fortaleza, Brazil77. Fortaleza, Brazil

Recife (and Olinda), Brazil (2019)

     The first day of March found us in Recife, a city of 1.5 million (4 million in the metro area) that is the capital of the state of Pernambuco.  We were out on our balcony as we sailed into the port, which we have read was the first slave port in the Americas.  Recife is named for a rocky reef that protects its long beaches.  What we saw looked like a sea wall rather than a reef, but it might be a sea wall built on top of the reef (or maybe we just didn’t see it).

187b. Recife & Olinda, Brazil (RX10)_stitch187a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil (RX10)_stitch192a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil (RX10)_stitch199. Recife & Olinda, Brazil (RX10)200. Recife & Olinda, Brazil (RX10)196a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil (RX10)_stitch

    The last time we were here, in 2012, we had two days because of a missed port previously.  It was Carnaval time and we spent time among the costumed crowds in both Olinda and Recife.  We also had a nighttime tour of the canals of Recife with all the Carnaval decorations on the buildings lighted.  Quite an experience (except for Rick’s camera being stolen through the window of a bus).

https://baderjournal.com/2012/02/27/recife-day-1/

https://baderjournal.com/2012/02/27/recife-olinda-day-2/

     This time we only had one day and Carnaval hadn’t really reached the frenzy stage, although a lot of decorations were up.  It was also a gray & rainy day, in contrast to the sunny weather on our first visit.  Nonetheless, we boarded a bus in the morning for a visit to Olinda.  As we walked through the terminal we were greeted by a band with a couple of dancers. As we sat on the bus waiting to leave we saw an elderly passenger walking with a cane fall down.  They took him to the hospital but he must have been all  right because we saw him back on the ship later.   It was a bad way to start the tour and It rained for much of the drive to Olinda, but fortunately it stopped when we reached the point of disembarkation.

3. Recife & Olinda, Brazil5. Recife & Olinda, Brazil8. Recife & Olinda, Brazil6. Recife & Olinda, Brazil10. Recife & Olinda, Brazil11. Recife & Olinda, Brazil12. Recife & Olinda, Brazil

     Olinda was founded by the Portuguese in 1535 and was the capital of the region, with what is now Recife housing Olinda’s port and some fishing villages.  The Dutch conquered this area in 1630.  They burned down most of Olinda and established their capital of Mauritsstad on the islands where the port was located, which they connected with bridges and canals.  In 1664 to Portuguese returned and renamed Mauritsstad Recife.  After the fire Olinda declined as Recife grew in importance because it was the main port for the export of sugarcane.  Olinda was restored in the late 20th century and was named a UNESCO world heritage site because of its well preserved 18th century heritage.

     Unlike our last visit, when we walked up and down the steep and colorful streets of Olinda, we spent our entire visit this time in an area called Alto da Se at the top of the hill.  On one end of this plaza is the Igreja da Se, a church that started out in 1540 as a chapel built of mud, was replaced by a masonry church in 1567, was used as a stable then burned by the Dutch in 1631, then was rebuilt after the return of the Portuguese and elevated to the status of a cathedral in 1676.  It was restored to its original appearance in the 1970’s.  The temporary wood fence you can see surrounding the church is there to protect it from damage during the Carnaval festivities.  On our last visit we saw such fences surrounding a number of buildings in Recife as well.

18. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN

     Just up from the Igreja da Se is a plaza with quite a few vendors’ stands (including one with a sleepy dog).  Most had not yet set up for the day when we were there, but a few had wares on display.

35. Recife & Olinda, Brazil27. Recife & Olinda, Brazil32. Recife & Olinda, Brazil

     Just below the plaza behind a retaining wall was a row of brightly colored houses, shops and restaurants.  Many were decorated for Carnaval.  As mentioned above, the day was quite drab and that affected how the city looked, but don’t be fooled: Olinda is a very bright and colorful town.

25. Recife & Olinda, Brazil31. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN28a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch_ShiftN50. Recife & Olinda, Brazil30. Recife & Olinda, Brazil26. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN

     Because this plaza was on top of the hill on which Olinda is built there are stunning views, but down the hill toward the water and across the water to the skyline of Recife.  Here are more examples than you probably need (or want).  You can see why the Portuguese captain standing on this hill in 1535 exclaimed “Oh,  a beautiful spot to build a village!”  In Portuguese, “Oh beautiful” is “O linda.”

19a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch_ShiftN17. Recife & Olinda, Brazil23. Recife & Olinda, Brazil21. Recife & Olinda, Brazil43a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch_ShiftN47. Recife & Olinda, Brazil49. Recife & Olinda, Brazil58a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch_ShiftN

     Olinda’s carnaval is famous for its Gigantes, giant dolls that are sometimes stationary and sometimes worn by people parading through the streets.  We didn’t see any of them in action, as we did on our first visit.  But we walked down from the plaza to a souvenir and handicrafts store that had several of them on display in a separate room and we also saw one that was being moved on top of a car to the museum of the gigantic dolls.  One of the shop’s courtyards was covered with brightly colored umbrellas like those used in Frevo, the area’s signature music and dance.

39. Recife & Olinda, Brazil40. Recife & Olinda, Brazil38. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN37. Recife & Olinda, Brazil41. Recife & Olinda, Brazil52. Recife & Olinda, Brazil42. Recife & Olinda, Brazil22. Recife & Olinda, Brazil

     We walked further down the street and came to our final walking stop, a very eclectic store called Artes do Imaginario Brasileiro.  Painted a hot pink with a larger than life scantily clad woman sitting on the roof, it was all ready for Carnaval.

33a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch56. Recife & Olinda, Brazil57. Recife & Olinda, Brazil

54. Recife & Olinda, Brazil

     We boarded the bus and drove down the steep streets from the hilltop.  We passed a number of colorful buildings typical of Olinda as well as the Igreja da Miseracordia (church of mercy), built in 1540.  The church was surrounded by a protective wood wall and many of the buildings were decorated for Carnaval, but the streets were eerily empty, unlike the crowds that filled them last time we were here.

64. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN65. Recife & Olinda, Brazil63. Recife & Olinda, Brazil66a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil67. Recife & Olinda, Brazil69. Recife & Olinda, Brazil68. Recife & Olinda, Brazil62. Recife & Olinda, Brazil71. Recife & Olinda, Brazil70. Recife & Olinda, Brazil78. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN73a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil75. Recife & Olinda, Brazil74. Recife & Olinda, Brazil76a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch_ShiftN77. Recife & Olinda, Brazil76a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil83a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch

     At the bottom of the hill we switched to another bus for the ride back to Recife.  On the way we passed several intersections that give an idea what the non-tourist part of town is like and several walls with paintings.

85. Recife & Olinda, Brazil86. Recife & Olinda, Brazil87. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN87. Recife & Olinda, Brazil91. Recife & Olinda, Brazil89. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN92a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch92. Recife & Olinda, Brazil93. Recife & Olinda, Brazil90. Recife & Olinda, Brazil95. Recife & Olinda, Brazil96. Recife & Olinda, Brazil97. Recife & Olinda, Brazil98. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN

     We drove back to Recife, where we saw the Galo da Madrugada (Rooster of Dawn), the symbol of Recife’s Carnaval, standing over a bridge in the middle of the river. The streets and bridges were decorated too.

101. Recife & Olinda, Brazil99. Recife & Olinda, Brazil-001

     Back in Recife we went to visit the Convent & Church of Santo Antonio (St Anthony), which dates to 1606 when there was little in this area other than a port.  During the Dutch occupation it was used as a fort, then returned to the Franciscans after the Dutch left in 1654.  The church is small and rather modest by Catholic standards.  We were not allowed to enter it, but had a glimpse through a doorway.  On the walls were elaborate religious pictures made of old Portuguese blue and white tiles.

103. Recife & Olinda, Brazil102. Recife & Olinda, Brazil119a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch104. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN130a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch

     But the real reason to visit here is the Capela Dourada (Golden Chapel) that is on the other side of the open door from the church.  This is a dazzling room, with every square inch covered in oil paintings, Delft style tile and carved jacaranda and cedarwood covered with gold leaf.  It was built between 1696 and 1724.  Even the ceiling is covered with paintings and gilded carved wood.  It was our understanding that this church was closed to the public on the day we visited (perhaps for Carnaval) and the Holland America tours were the only ones allowed inside.  Imagine how crowded this might have been on a regular public access day.

106a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch_ShiftN105b. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch109a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch109. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN111. Recife & Olinda, Brazil112a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch_ShiftN122. Recife & Olinda, Brazil123. Recife & Olinda, Brazil116a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch_ShiftN

     We left the chapel through another room with a large carved stucco ceiling.

127a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch126. Recife & Olinda, Brazil132. Recife & Olinda, Brazil

     Our last stop on this excursion was the Casa da Cultura (Culture House).  On the way we passed buildings by the river, some interesting wall paintings and even what looked like a crowd heading for the evening’s carnaval festivities.

136. Recife & Olinda, Brazil135. Recife & Olinda, Brazil143. Recife & Olinda, Brazil137a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch140. Recife & Olinda, Brazil141. Recife & Olinda, Brazil

     Built in the 1850’s as a prison the Casa was converted to an art and handicrafts market in the 1970’s.  It is built in the shape of a cross, with one short and three long wings.  This enabled guards in the central area to keep watch down all four wings at once.  There were interesting handicraft and souvenir shops in the old jail cells throughout the building and some unusual solo entertainers in the center space.

157a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch159. Recife & Olinda, Brazil144a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch_ShiftN147. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN146. Recife & Olinda, Brazil148b. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch_ShiftN151. Recife & Olinda, Brazila_stitch155. Recife & Olinda, Brazil156. Recife & Olinda, Brazil

     We drove through a high rise neighborhood that we think was Boa Viagem.  It is a fairly wealthy neighborhood that borders one of the most visited beaches in this part of Brazil, although its hard to understand why since it has suffered numerous tiger shark attacks over the last 30 years.  We were sitting on the side of the bus looking at the city and didn’t really see the beach at all, just the tall buildings.

160. Recife & Olinda, Brazil161. Recife & Olinda, Brazil162. Recife & Olinda, Brazil

     We drove across a couple of bridges, one next to a bridge with wall art on each of its supports and the other decorated for Carnaval.  Across the river could be seen both the old and newer buildings of Recife.

164. Recife & Olinda, Brazil164a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_stitch165. Recife & Olinda, Brazil168. Recife & Olinda, Brazil169. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN170. Recife & Olinda, Brazil171. Recife & Olinda, Brazil172a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil

     We drove back to the port through the streets of Recife Antigo (Old Recife), the area of the original Portuguese and Dutch settlements.  We passed a number of areas that were decorated for Carnaval.  On our last visit here we had walked around this area, enjoying the architecture, the Carnaval stages and the general atmosphere.  Among other things we saw the reconstruction of the oldest synagogue in the Americas, built during the tolerant Dutch period but abandoned when the Portuguese returned with many of the congregants moving with the Dutch to New Amsterdam where they founded New York’s Jewish community.  But driving through this area today we were disappointed to see many of the old buildings that looked so nice on our last visit were now defaced with graffiti.  Not wall art but just scribbles.  We had seen this development in Rio as well and in our view it greatly detracts from the city’s beauty.

179. Recife & Olinda, Brazil180. Recife & Olinda, Brazil174. Recife & Olinda, Brazil182. Recife & Olinda, Brazil176. Recife & Olinda, Brazil181. Recife & Olinda, Brazil_ShiftN

     We arrived back at the port where we were greeted by a sculptural lion.  As we were preparing to depart we had a nice view of Olinda across the water.

183. Recife & Olinda, Brazil219. Recife & Olinda, Brazil (RX10)215a. Recife & Olinda, Brazil (RX10)_stitch209. Recife & Olinda, Brazil (RX10)205. Recife & Olinda, Brazil (RX10)204. Recife & Olinda, Brazil (RX10)213. Recife & Olinda, Brazil (RX10)

217. Recife & Olinda, Brazil (RX10)

     That’s all for our short and busy visit to Recife and Olinda.  A lot of interest to see and do, but not up to the standard of our overnight visit during the height of Carnaval in 2012.  We will leave you, as we sail away, with some fruit and vegetable art in the Lido buffet.

185. Recife & Olinda, Brazil186. Recife & Olinda, Brazil

Ilheus, Brazil (2019)

   We spent February 27 in Ilheus, a city of about 225,000 with many beaches lining beautiful blue waters. The city was founded in 1534.  In the early 20th century this area was known as the Cocoa Coast & Ilheus was one of the wealthiest cities in Brazil.  But the area’s cocoa plantations were devastated by a parasite in 1989 and today tourism is their economic mainstay.  Many Brazilians in the area come here for the beaches.  But cocoa is still grown here in less abundance than before and a lot of chocolate is sold by tourism vendors in town.

88a. Ilheus, Brazi (RX10)l_stitch85a. Ilheus, Brazi (RX10)l_stitch

     No one who has read this blog will be surprised that we did not go to the beach for the day.  Instead, never having been here before, we boarded the HAL shuttle that took us into the city and dropped us off in front of the Catedral Sao Sebastiao (Cathedral of St Sebastian), seat of the Roman Catholic diocese that was begun in 1931 and dedicated in 1967.  An imposing edifice with four pointed towers and two domes, it could be seen from the ship as well as around the downtown area.

83. Ilheus, Brazi (RX10)l84. Ilheus, Brazi (RX10)l1a. Ilheus, Brazil_stitch14. Ilheus, Brazil6a. Ilheus, Brazil_stitch_ShiftN8. Ilheus, Brazil9. Ilheus, Brazil5. Ilheus, Brazil

     In front of the cathedral was a guy wearing an outsize straw sombrero; we aren’t sure what he was selling, if anything, but it was pretty amusing.  We walked up the street to the house of Jorge Amado, built in 1926, now a museum.  Amado was Brazil’s top novelist, publishing 21 of them that were translated into 49 languages.  Several became popular films, notably Dona FLor and her Two Husbands and Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon.  The latter is set in Ilheus, where one of the principal characters owns the Bar Vesuvio (Vesuvius Bar), built in the 1920’s, which we passed on the way to Amado’s house.  Amado died in 2001.

10. Ilheus, Brazil11. Ilheus, Brazil12. Ilheus, Brazil13. Ilheus, Brazil16. Ilheus, Brazil_ShiftN15b. Ilheus, Brazil_stitch22. Ilheus, Brazil23a. Ilheus, Brazil_stitch

     The Ilheus Municipal Theater was built in 1932 and was a venue for a variety of performances, musical as well as theatrical.  It was once called the “Cine Teatro Ilheus,” which suggests that movies were also shown here.  Inside the entrance is an interesting mural and we were able to go up the stairs to see the performance space.

21. Ilheus, Brazil20. Ilheus, Brazil17a. Ilheus, Brazil_stitch

     The Palacio Paranagua was opened in 1907 to serve as the city hall, which it still does.  It is the leading example of the opulent architecture of the days of the Cocoa barons. The building was built on the site of the ruins of a Jesuit school, but when the town was originally founded this hill was used by the indigenous people as a cemetery.  We were able to go inside but there wasn’t much to see.  The windows on the upper floor, however, gave a nice view of the city looking back along the way we had come, all the way to the cathedral.

73. Ilheus, Brazil29. Ilheus, Brazil30. Ilheus, Brazil31a. Ilheus, Brazil_stitch

    We walked on, passing among other things a long stone wall covered in wall art & a telephone pole with a bewildering tangle of wire.  It took a while to find it, but we were finally able to visit the Igreja Matriz de Sao Jorge dos Ilheus.  This small church is one of the oldest buildings in the city, built either in the 16th or 17th century, depending on your source.  When we visited there was no going inside as it appeared that the entire interior of the church was being completely renovated.  Piles of sand and rock were outside and the inside was filled with construction wood.

35a. Ilheus, Brazil_stitch37. Ilheus, Brazil38. Ilheus, Brazil_ShiftN39b. Ilheus, Brazil_stitch

     Our next objective was, as usual, the public library.  The building was completed in 1915 and originally served as a school.  The school’s log is built into the top of the building over the main entrance.  In 2002 it was converted into a library and archive.  We have read that it also briefly housed the municipal government while the Palacio Paranagua was being renovated.  It is a nice building and we went inside where there was a two story courtyard, but we didn’t get to see where they keep the books.

56a. Ilheus, Brazil_stitch49a. Ilheus, Brazil_stitch53a. Ilheus, Brazil_stitch48. Ilheus, Brazil62. Ilheus, Brazil67. Ilheus, Brazil63a. Ilheus, Brazil_stitch

     After this we walked back into town toward the shuttle bus stop by the cathedral.  On the way we stopped at the Mercado de Artesanato (Artisan Market), but we were disappointed at the high prices and lack of anything we really wanted.  At an intersection on the way we saw a neighborhood of colorful houses on the side of a hill and there were several mosaic sidewalks. We also repassed several things we had seen earlier.  As we waited for the shuttle we saw the wide and inviting beach nearby and some flowers and a colorful bird.  Finally, as we walked to the ship we passed some bushes with striking pink flowers.  That was the end for this small city, pleasant enough to stroll around but nothing really show stopping to see.

68. Ilheus, Brazil44. Ilheus, Brazil45. Ilheus, Brazil69. Ilheus, Brazil47. Ilheus, Brazil70. Ilheus, Brazil71. Ilheus, Brazil74. Ilheus, Brazil_ShiftN75. Ilheus, Brazil76. Ilheus, Brazil79. Ilheus, Brazil81. Ilheus, Brazil

Rio de Janeiro (Day 2) (2019)

     We spent our second day in Rio, February 25, exploring the city on foot along with our friends Robert and Bill.  Because our ship was docked much further down to pier than last time we were here our GPS app took us down some streets with which we were not previously familiar.  We crossed some tram tracks and also a mosaic sidewalk with a pattern similar to the one at Ipanema beach.  This probably wasn’t the safest route (although we had no trouble).  At one point we were waiting to cross the street and Robert was consulting a map with his small camera hanging from his wrist when a local woman who spoke no English approached and indicated urgently with gestures that he should keep his camera in his pocket or in his hand at all times.

1. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)2. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)3. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)5. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)18a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch_ShiftN7. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)

     Walking down a street we think is Rua dos Passos we happened upon a church set right up to the sidewalk called Igreja do Santissimo Sacramento da Antiga Se (Church of the Blessed Sacrament of the Old See).  This congregation has its roots in the 16th century and the current church was built from 1819 to 1859, when it was consecrated.  The interior is a very large and airy space with walls covered in carving and other art.  We stepped inside but couldn’t explore the church because the floors had just been mopped.  The outside, however, was very sad because the walls and even the sculptures set into the facade were covered with very ugly graffiti.  Very little respect for what would otherwise be a beautiful landmark on an otherwise nondescript street.  The sidewalk in front of the church was covered in black, white & red mosaic.

8. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_ShiftN10. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_ShiftN9. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)13a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch17. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)11b. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch

     Another example of what you may see walking off the beaten path, we came upon the Catedral Presbiteriana do Rio (Presbyterian Cathedral of Rio).  This is somewhat unusual in what is a mostly Catholic country and the building was unlike most of the large churches we saw in Brazil in that it was built in a gothic style and the interior is relatively plain and all white.  The oldest Presbyterian church in Brazil, it was opened in 1874 and has been renovated several times since, most extensively in 1925.  There is a large garden in front that has a sculptural depiction of a pastor preaching to his flock.

22. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)24. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)23. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)31. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)25a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch_ShiftN27. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_ShiftN28. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)29. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)30. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)

     Our first objective today was the Metropolitan Cathedral of Saint Sebastian of Rio de Janeiro.  Opened in 1979, it is in a very modern style inspired by the Mayan pyramids in Mexico and does not look like any other church you may have seen.  It is quite massive – almost 350 feet in diameter and 250 feet tall – and the inside is all one huge room.  The interior is lighted by a skylight in the shape of a cross and four gigantic stained glass windows that stretch from floor to ceiling.  There is a pipe organ behind the pulpit and a gold cross hanging over it that looks like it is floating in the air.  Nearby, but not actually attached to the cathedral, is a large tower topped by a cross that we think has either bells or speakers on each level.  When looking at it from the right direction you can see Cristo Redentor far behind it on its hill.

33. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_ShiftN34. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)35. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)36a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch51. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)49a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch38a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch40a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch42a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch47a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch56. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)105. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)58. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)

     On our last visit in 2012 many of the downtown buildings were being renovated for the upcoming World Cup and Olympics to be held in Rio, and could not be entered.  That included the national library and Mary was particularly interested in seeing the reputedly impressive interior.  So we walked over to Cinelandia quare to visit it, along with the other important buildings there.  We walked through a tunnel under a highway that had some intriguing wall art and another that had some homeless people asleep under the graffiti.  At one point we decided we were headed in the wrong direction & had to turn around, but Bill is a fast walker and he was almost a block ahead of us and never noticed that we were not with him.  Robert had to run all that way, in suffocating heat and humidity, just to let him know we were going a different way.  He was not happy.

60a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch106. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_ShiftN

     We arrived eventually at Cinelandia square to visit the Biblioteca Nacional do Brasil.  While the library’s roots date back to 1810 when the Portuguese national library was transferred to Rio, the current building opened in 1910.  This is the largest library in South America and the seventh largest in the world with some 9 million items in its collection.  It supposed to be quite a sight inside, but we have no pictures of the library, inside or out, to show you.  Why, you ask?  Because I just found out, as I was writing this paragraph, that the building we thought was the library was actually the Camara Municipal do Rio de Janeiro!  It currently houses the city council and the National Library is about a block away.  The Camara building was closed when we were there because of the construction of tents for Carnaval celebrations and we felt bad because we thought we had been denied entry to the library on two visits seven years apart.  But who knows whether we could have visited inside the library if we had actually found it?  Anyway the Camara Municipal was itself a beautiful building.

64a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch108. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)73. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_ShiftN73a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch_ShiftN78a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch

     Across the street is the striking Teatro Municipal with its partially gilded roof.  Opened in 1909, this is largely a venue for ballet and classical music, although in the past it has presented opera as well.  Its architectural design was inspired by the Paris Opera.  Sadly, this building also was not open the day we visited, so we were unable to see the reputedly beautiful interior.

72. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)83. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_ShiftN71. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)63. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)

     This plaza had mosaic sidewalks in several different patterns

67. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)69. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)81a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch

     Well, by this time we had done quite a bit of walking on what we may have mentioned was a particularly hot and humid day (big contrast to Antarctica just a few weeks earlier).  If we had known the library was just down the street we surely would have gone there.  But we didn’t know, so we hailed a cab back to the port and reboarded the ship.  When we reached the port Bill & Rick went back to the ship while Mary & Robert perused the many vendor kiosks set up outside the entry to the pier.  While looking at a vendor’s wares Robert spotted a guy in the process of stealing jewelry from the vendor’s table.  He called out & the guy dropped what he had taken and ran.  There were no police around so he got away but Robert was a hero to the vendors nonetheless.

84. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)85. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)

     Before we left there was a sail away party by the pool on the lido deck.  The band that usually played in the Ocean bar – easily the best Ocean bar band we have seen – played on deck for the party.  And of course the ship penguins participated, wearing their Carnaval beads.

86. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_ShiftN90. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)89. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)91. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)94. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)96. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)95. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)

     We saw in the last episode how beautiful the sunrise sail in to Rio was.  We were sailing away just before sunset, retracing pretty much the same route, so this gives a different perspective on the scene.  It was gray & a little foggy when we sailed away and birds were again circling overhead.

100. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)102. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)104. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)110. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)111a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch

As we sailed out into the bay we passed the long bridge across the bay, in front of which is an island with a marina, then a group of four tugboats (perhaps standing ready in case we needed help?).  We had a last look at the favela by the port and we passed the old customs house.

122. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)120. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)114a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch123a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch129. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)130. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)

     We passed the small airport again and saw a plane just passing Corcovado mountain after takeoff.  We also passed what looked like an offshore oil derrick as we sailed toward Sugar Loaf mountain.

136a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch144. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)131. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)132. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)127. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)147a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch

     We approached Sugar Loaf as the sun was setting, and could see Cristo Redentor all lit up to stand out in the dark.

151. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)159. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)172. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)168. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)

166. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)

     We sailed around Sugar Loaf and headed out into the Atlantic.  We had a view of the back of Cristo Redentor with Copacabana and Atlantic Avenue stretching out beneath it.  And there was one last gasp from the setting sun.  Goodbye to Rio!

169. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)173. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)186. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)183. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)176A. Rio de Janeiro (Day 2)_stitch

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Day 1) (2019)

     We reached Rio de Janeiro early on the morning of February 24.  When the Portuguese first visited this area in January, 1502, they thought that Guanabara Bay was a wide river which they named the January River (Rio de Janeiro).  The first settlement here was in 1565.

     Sailing into Rio is (in our opinion) one of the great sail-ins in the world and well worth arising before dawn to see, as we discovered on our first visit here in 2012:

https://baderjournal.com/2012/02/20/flying-or-sailing-down-to-rio-part-i/

https://baderjournal.com/2012/02/20/rio-de-janeiro-part-ii-the-saga-continues/

     So we did so, arriving on deck just as we reached Sugarloaf Mountain, a 1200 foot peak rising dramatically from the water.  Beyond it is Corcovado mountain, topped by the 125 foot tall Cristo Redentor (Christ the Redeemer) statue, which is lighted at night.  This area is particularly dramatic in the warm and slanting (from left in most of these pictures) early morning sun.

2. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)4. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)5. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)15a. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)10a. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)_stitch_ShiftN13. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)24. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)16a. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)_stitch

     We sailed past a fort  built by the water to defend the bay.  We think this is Fortaleza de Sao Joao (Fort of St John), which was first built in the 16th century.

37. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)7a. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)

     While a large international airport is located on the north side of the city, there is a small airport right on the water limited to domestic flights, mostly to and from Sao Paulo.  First built in the 1930’s, Santos Dumont Airport was named for Alberto Santos Dumont who Brazilians insist conducted the first heavier than air flight in 1906.  They dismiss the Wright Brothers (Rick’s homeboys) who are recognized by the rest of the world for their flight at Kitty Hawk in 1903 because their plane flew from a rail on the ground rather than flat on the ground itself.  Go figure.  Anyway, we could see planes descending past Sugar Loaf to land at this airport and also taking off; from the water it looks like it barely has enough room for such activities.

26. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)27. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)29a. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)_stitch51. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)

     Nothing to say about them, but here are a few panoramic photos of the city in the early morning light as we sailed past toward the port.

34a. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)_stitch43a. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)_stitch38b. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)_stitch_ShiftN

     As we neared the turn into the port we passed Ilha Fiscal, an island just off shore on which sits a fantastic green building that was once the customs house, thus the island’s name (it was originally called Rat Island).  Opened in April, 1889, six months later it was the scene of a large ball with several thousand in attendance.  It is now remembered as the last ball of the Empire because six days later a revolution established a republican form of government.  Today it is a museum.

53. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)55. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)58. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)

     We sailed into the port, where three huge cruise ships were already there, two MSC and one Celebrity if we remember correctly.  That meant we had to dock a bit further away to the north.  We passed some ornate churches in the neighborhood (Rio is full of ornate churches).  The dock is lined with long warehouse-like buildings in a reddish color, one of which was the terminal.  Most of the staterooms on our side of the ship looked out on one of these buildings, but ours was luckily placed overlooking a square between two of the buildings with a huge wall painting on a building across the way.  This area has been renovated in recent years and looks very nice.  There were birds flying above, notably one kind with swallow tails, and from our balcony we could just see Cristo Redentor almost (but not quite) obscured by a building.  On a hill behind the port is a favela, or shanty town, on which poor folks have built brick homes, some in a second or third floor above the first family’s.  Many favelas have been under the control of drug lords and can be very dangerous to visit on your own, but there was a push to clean them up before the 2016 Olympics were held here and we have read that some of them may have been gentrified in recent years. 

64a. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)_stitch61c. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)_stitch67a. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)149. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)73. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)71a. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)49. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)50. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)

     We participated in an excursion to Cidade do Samba (Samba City), a complex of warehouse looking buildings not far from the port where the best Samba schools have their quarters.  There is a large favela right next to it, which we think is the same one we saw from the port and the oldest favela in the city, founded in the late 19th century by former slaves who had served in the military.

7a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_stitch6. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)51. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)1a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_stitch

     Each year during Carnaval the Samba schools compete with each other and are ranked by judges.  The top schools get their choice of space at Samba City and if your ranking goes down you will probably have to move to a less desirable space.  Where do they move?  Dandara’s response was “who cares!”  We were told that the one we visited,Grande Rio Youth Samba School, had been ranked #1 for a number of years.  We walked through the warehouse space on the first floor where the floats for the upcoming 2019 Carnaval were kept, but these were secret so no pictures could be taken.  Upstairs were a number of exhibits, mostly of costumes from Carnavals past, which we were free to photograph.

12. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)14. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)13. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)13a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_stitch15. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)16. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)17. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)50. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)

     We were treated to a lecture about the history of Samba & Carnaval in a room with walls lined with old photos.  Samba grew from the music and dance of African slaves, although there have been other influences since.  It is very rhythmic, loud and energetic.  And of course it features women in spectacular but revealing costume, often dancing on very high heeled platform shoes.  We were told that the schools work literally year round preparing their Carnaval presentation.  Dandara said that preparation for next year’s Carnaval would start on the Monday after this year’s Carnaval.  Nothing is reused from year to year; all the clothing and floats are made anew.  It sounds like it takes a very high level of work and dedication.  After the history lesson we were led into another room where everyone (yes, everyone) was outfitted in old Carnival costumes (we didn’t get to pick out our own).  Then there was a demonstration of Samba, with just two people in this small room.  A good time was had by all.

18a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_stitch23. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)31. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)28. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)29. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)32. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)26. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)24. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)25. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)34. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)39. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)38. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)40. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)41. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)

     Before leaving we spent some time in a lounge where Caipirinhas and munchies were served and you could buy souvenirs.  The Caipirinha is Brazil’s national drink, based on a liquor made from sugarcane.  They were very good & refreshing. 

43. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)44a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_stitch46a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_stitch

     We drove across town to Copacabana beach.  On the way we passed more favelas & the upscale residential streets of the Corcovado neighborhood.

58. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)52a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_stitch57. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)56. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)64. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)59. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)61. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)

     Copacabana beach is almost 2 miles long and has a wide expanse of soft white sand.  But it is famous not only for the beach but for the Portuguese style mosaic sidewalk that runs the length of the beach along Atlantic Avenue.  The undulating pattern, designed to evoke ocean waves, is beautiful and mesmerizing.  Made of small black and white stones, it must have taken quite a lot of work to create.

126. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)88. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)92. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_ShiftN93. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)108. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)120a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_stitch

     It is interesting how different the swirling pattern can look depending on the angle from which you are viewing it.

89. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)100. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)

90. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)    91. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)

     On the opposite side of Avenida Atlantica from the beach is a long row of mid-rise buildings, most housing hotels and upscale condos (we were told on our last visit that a mid-level condo in a building across from Ipanema beach had just sold for 6 million US dollars, and that was 7 years ago so the prices have undoubtedly risen substantially).  One notable building there is the art deco Copacabana Palace, a luxury hotel built in 1923 when it was the only large building in the area, surrounded only by single family houses.  Ten years later it was featured in the filming of Flying Down To Rio with Fred Astaire & Ginger Rogers.  Long considered one of the best hotels in South America, it has been a magnet for the rich and famous for decades.  Notably, in 2006 the Rolling Stones stayed there and performed a free concert on the beach that we have read attracted more than a million fans.

73. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)68. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)65. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_ShiftN74. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)80. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)

     On the day of our visit it was sunny & hot, so a lot of people were out on the beach, sitting under umbrellas, playing volleyball, walking around and buying refreshments from the many kiosks.  Like all beaches in Brazil, there is never a charge to use it. Several pipes rose out of the sand that constantly pumped out fresh water.  Rio’s beaches are notorious for scavengers, so we were told you should never put any of your possessions down, even when you are standing right by them, or they could be gone in an instant.  So we kept our cameras in our hands and used them to excess.

94a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_stitch76. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)75. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)114a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_stitch77. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)78. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)124. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)81. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)86. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)97a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_stitch102. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)103. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)87. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)113. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)104a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_stitch112. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)110. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)119. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)

     Leaving the beach we drove back across town to the port.  We passed more favelas and other buildings, including the Sambadromo, where the Samba schools’ performances are judged during Carnaval.

136. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)137. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)138. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)139. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)

129. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)

     When we arrived at the port we found huge crowds of cruise ship passengers milling around and standing in very long lines to have their credentials checked so the could enter the dock area.  Most of these people were headed for the other large cruise ships on the dock.  We walked up and down the fence (a very long walk in the suffocating heat) looking unsuccessfully for a quicker way in.  Across from the dock was some fantastic wall art, most depicting diverse ethnicities, that we enjoyed while waiting to get back in.

140a. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)_stitch143. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)144. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)145. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)146. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)147. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)148. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)70. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)

     We finally made it back on the ship.  As we arrived for dinner the ship penguins were all dressed up, apparently unaware that they would not be the ones handing out the Academy Awards that night.

150. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)151. Rio de Janeiro (Day 1)

     Since we would be staying in Rio over night, there was a show on the ship of the local music and dance.  So what was it, you ask?  With Carnaval just days away, what could it be but a samba performance.  First on stage were the musicians, mostly drums and other rhythm, who demonstrated their stamina by standing on stage playing nonstop for the entire show.

74. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)76. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)78. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)

     Then the female dancers emerged on stage.  They wore a variety of flamboyant and revealing costumes and their dancing to the high energy percussive music was extremely energetic.

85. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)79. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)80. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)84. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)86. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)90. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)91. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)92. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)99. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)94. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)96. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)145. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)147. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)100. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)135. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)136. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)

     Some male dancers dressed in green came on stage to dance with a couple of new women, one also in green and one in black.

114. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)115. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)116. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)118. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)117. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)119. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)126. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)123. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)122. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)121. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)124. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)127. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)120. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)

     Here are some closer pictures of these women dancing in their Carnaval costumes.

106. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)89. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)129. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)108. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)141. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)125. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)148. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)159. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)

     All of the dancers were on stage for the finale.

151. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)153. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)157. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)162. Rio de Janeiro RX10  (Day 1)

     All in all, this was an entertaining and energetic show & everyone had a good time.  But we thought the Samba show we saw on Prinsendam during our 2012 was decidedly better.  Perhaps it was the audience participation or just the fact that this was new to us then.  That is not meant to detract from these dancers and musicians who clearly gave their all to entertain us, and entertain us they did.

     So that was the end of this extremely long and rewarding first day in beautiful Rio de Janeiro.  We went to bed happy in the knowledge that we still had another day to go!